Active vs. Passive Buzzer

Active vs. Passive Buzzer: The Differences

The word “buzzer” comes from the German “summen” – to buzz. It is essentially a sound-emitting device traditionally used as a signal device. Today, buzzers can be electromechanical or piezoelectric. Both are used on different devices.

The passive buzzer is an electromagnetic squeaker used to generate sound signals of different frequencies.

The active buzzer is the simplest module to produce a sound of about 2 kHz, which can often be needed when working with Arduino and in other projects.

The main difference between the active buzzer and the passive buzzer is that the active buzzer generates sound independently. To do this, the user must simply turn it on or off; in other words, by applying a voltage to the contacts or by de-energizing. On the other hand, a passive buzzer requires a signal source, which will set the sound signal parameters. An Arduino board can be such a source. The active buzzer will produce a louder sound signal than its competitor. The frequency of the sound emitted by the active buzzer is 2,5 kHz +/- 300 Hz. The power supply voltage for the squeaker varies from 3.5V to 5V.

Arduino Active vs. Passive Buzzers

The active piezo emitter is also preferable because there is no need to create an additional delayed code fragment in the sketch that affects the workflow. You can also measure the resistance between the two wires to determine what kind of element is in front of the user. Higher values will indicate an active Arduino buzzer.

The geometric shape of the buzzers does not differ in any way, and it is not possible to assign the element to one or another type according to this characteristic. Visually, the buzzer can be identified as active if there are a resistor and amplifier on the board. A passive buzzer has only a small piezo element on the board.

To stop the active buzzer, you have to use digitalWrite(buzzerPin, LOW), while with the passive buzzer, you need to use noTone(passiveBuzzerPin).


Is passive buzzer louder than active?

Passive buzzers are not louder than active buzzers. An active buzzer has a built-in amplifier that makes it louder than a passive buzzer.

Do you need to wash an active buzzer?

No, you don’t need to wash an active buzzer. Buzzers are typically made from a conductive metal, so they can be easily cleaned with a damp cloth. However, if the buzzer is covered in dirt or dust, it may be necessary to use a slightly more abrasive cleaning agent.

Can an active buzzer change pitch?

Yes, an active buzzer can change pitch. This is accomplished by changing the frequency of the sound waves that are being emitted by the buzzer.

Are buzzers analog or digital?

Buzzers are digital devices. They produce sound through the use of electronic signals, which are then amplified by a speaker. This makes them perfect for use in alarm systems, door bells, and other electronic circuits.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, there are several key differences between active and passive buzzers. Knowing which type of buzzer is right for your needs is important. Make sure to consider the factors discussed in this article when making your purchase.